04 17

Apa citation of questionnaire

apa citation of questionnaire

I took a survey of students and used it in my research paper. How do I cite that since it's not a published piece of writing?

Personal surveys that you conducted are:

  • Cited in-text only
  • Not included on the References page in APA because they are not published works.

Example of an in-text citation of a survey you conducted:

  • First and Middle Initials Last Name (Survey, Date, Year)
  • Example: According to the student survey conducted by M.A. Jewell (Survey, Date, Year)...

If the survey is from the internet, then cite it as a website. See the APA Help guide for examples.

Click on References and In-text Citation Examples and select websites.

Thank you for using ASK US. For more information contact your campus librarians.

apa citation of questionnaire ASK US: How do I cite a survey on the reference page?

Example of an in-text citation of a survey you conducted:

  • First and Middle Initials Last Name (Survey, Date, Year)
  • Example: According to the student survey conducted by M.A. Jewell (Survey, Date, Year)...

If the survey is from the internet, then cite it as a website. See the APA Help guide for examples.

Click on References and In-text Citation Examples and select websites.

Thank you for using ASK US. For more information contact your campus librarians.

This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed., 2nd printing).

Contributors:Joshua M. Paiz, Elizabeth Angeli, Jodi Wagner, Elena Lawrick, Kristen Moore, Michael Anderson, Lars Soderlund, Allen Brizee, Russell Keck
Last Edited: 2014-11-11 10:20:40

Reference citations in text are covered on pages 169-179 of the Publication Manual. What follows are some general guidelines for referring to the works of others in your essay.

Note: APA style requires authors to use the past tense or present perfect tense when using signal phrases to describe earlier research, for example, Jones (1998) found or Jones (1998) has found.

If you are referring to an idea from another work but NOT directly quoting the material, or making reference to an entire book, article or other work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication and not the page number in your in-text reference. All sources that are cited in the text must appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

In-text citation capitalization, quotes, and italics/underlining

Short quotations

If you are directly quoting from a work, you will need to include the author, year of publication, and the page number for the reference (preceded by "p."). Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author's last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.

According to Jones (1998), "Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time" (p.

She stated, "Students often had difficulty using APA style" (Jones, 1998, p. 199), but she did not offer an explanation as to why.

Long quotations

Place direct quotations that are 40 words, or longer, in a free-standing block of typewritten lines, and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, indented 1/2 inch from the left margin, i.e., in the same place you would begin a new paragraph. Type the entire quotation on the new margin, and indent the first line of any subsequent paragraph within the quotation 1/2 inch from the new margin. Maintain double-spacing throughout. The parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark.

Jones's (1998) study found the following:
Students often had difficulty using APA style,
especially when it was their first time citing sources.

(p. 199)

Summary or paraphrase

If you are paraphrasing an idea from another work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference, but APA guidelines encourage you to also provide the page number (although it is not required.)

According to Jones (1998), APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners.
APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners (Jones, 1998, p. 199).

Serving High School, College, and University students, their teachers, and independent researchers since 2000.

Copyright © 2000 - 2017 by Citation Machine™, a Chegg Service.

Privacy Policy Terms of Service

Citation Machine™ uses the 7th ed. of MLA, 6th ed. of APA, and 16th ed. of Chicago (8th ed. Turabian).

Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>