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Animal farm chapters 1-2 reading and study guide answers

Chapter 1
  1. What is significant about how the animals arrange themselves as they gather to hear Major?

Some animlas stick with their herds and others find a spot to stay warm. People are going to stick with their people.

2. According to Major, what is the cause of all animals' problems?

Humans/MAN

3. What motto does Major give the animals?

If you get rid of Jones you will have freedom and happiness.

4. What are the commandments Major gives the animals? Can you think of ways each them could be considered vice?

- Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.

- Whatever goes upon four legs or has wings is a friend.

- No animal shall wear clothes.

- No animal shall sleep in a bed.

- No animal shall drink alcohol.

- No animal shall kill any other animal.

- All animals are equal.

They're vices because if animals did that it would be like breaking a law.

5. Why do animals like the song "Beasts of England" so much that they memorizeit on the spot? To what wmotions and needs does it appeal?

The animals like it so much because it talks aboput freedom and what it would be like after the rebellion. Also it makes them feel strong. It appeals happiness, confidence, and excitement.

Chapter 2

6. Ater major's death what happens to the idea of rebelling against man?

They pass the rebellion on to the other pigs (Snowball & Napoleon). They pass it to them because they are the smartest animals on the farm.

7. Why don't the pigs like the pet raven Moses' stories about Sugarcandy Mountain?

B/C they think they're lies, and he never works.

8. What causes the animals to finally rebel against Mr. Jones and his four farmhands?

Mr. Jones would always be drunk and his men would always be doing their own thing and they would always forget to feed the animals.

9. When the humans have been chased from the farm, what do the animals do?

They take over the farm, and celebrate their victory.

10. What do the animals do to the farmhouse?

They get rid of all the knifes, chains and everything that was used to hurt the animals and throw them down the well. They also destroy Jone's belongings, wipe out the last traces of Jone's hated reign and they butned all their clothes or anything that a human would wear.

11. How does the behavior of the pigs foreshadow their eventual leadership?

The pigs take care of the other animlas. They tell them what to do and what no to do.

Also it makes them feel strong. It appeals happiness, confidence, and excitement.

Chapter 2

6. Ater major's death what happens to the idea of rebelling against man?

They pass the rebellion on to the other pigs (Snowball & Napoleon). They pass it to them because they are the smartest animals on the farm.

7. Why don't the pigs like the pet raven Moses' stories about Sugarcandy Mountain?

B/C they think they're lies, and he never works.

8. What causes the animals to finally rebel against Mr. Jones and his four farmhands?

Mr. Jones would always be drunk and his men would always be doing their own thing and they would always forget to feed the animals.

9. When the humans have been chased from the farm, what do the animals do?

They take over the farm, and celebrate their victory.

10. What do the animals do to the farmhouse?

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Animal Farm

why was squealer sent around to the animals after the bleating of four legs good two legs bad by the sheep in chapter 6

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how is the windmill destroyed?

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What was the outcome of building the windmill one last time?

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Animal Farm

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How did Napoleon change Animal Farm's history in Chapter 7?

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What2 animals are flourishing from animal farm why

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Animal Farm

Is Animal Farm is a kind of anti-communist propaganda of its own?

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Animal Farm

If Molly was a person, what would she be like?

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Animal Farm

with referance to text how does Napoleon gain power over all the other animals and how does he maintain this power

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Why do the hens protest Napoleon's orders in Chapter 7?

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Animal Farm

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Mr.

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Animal Farm

where is capitalism in animal farm give quotations and examples from novel?

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Animal Farm

what is the quality of life for the animals through the winter

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Animal Farm

What does napoleon do yo snowball

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Animal Farm

which animals start teachibg the others

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Animal Farm

What further examples of the difference between the pigs and the other animals occur in these two chapters?

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George Orwell wrote the book during the war as a cautionary fable in order to expose the seriousness of the dangers posed by Stalinism and totalitarian government. Orwell faced several obstacles in getting the novel published. First, he was putting forward an anti-Stalin book during a time when Western support for the Soviet Union was still high due to its support in Allied victories against Germany. Second, Orwell was not yet the literary star he would quickly become. For those reasons, Animal Farm appeared only at the war’s end, during the same month that the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The tragically violent events of the war set the stage well for Orwell’s fictional manifesto against totalitarianism.

Animal Farm was Orwell’s first highly successful novel (the second being 1984), and it helped launch him out of the minor fame of an essayist into the stratosphere of acclaimed fiction. Despite publishers’ initial hesitance toward the book, the public in both Britain and the United States met it with enthusiasm. In the United States alone, it sold 600,000 copies in four years.

At the same time, Orwell personifies the animals in the tradition of allegory so that they symbolize real historical figures. In their own universe, people can become desensitized even to terrible things like deception, mistreatment, and violence. By demonstrating how these things occur in an allegorical world, Orwell makes them more clearly understood in the real world. For instance, in Animal Farm’s public execution, Orwell lays bare the matter of execution by having the dogs rip out the supposed traitors’ throats. In this scene, the reader is led to focus not as much on the means of execution as on the animalistic, atrocious reality of execution itself.

Animal Farm is also a powerful satire. Orwell uses irony to undermine the tenets of totalitarianism, specifically that of Stalinism.

Almost instantly after the novel’s publication, it became the subject of revisionism. In one instance, the CIA made an animated film version of the book in which they eliminated the final scene and replaced it with a new revolution in which the animals overthrow the pigs (see the 1999 Hallmark film version for another change in ending).

Though he was staunchly anti-Stalinist, he was certainly not a capitalist. In fact, he was a revolutionary socialist. During his lifetime, Orwell did little to detract from his skewed public image. He was a man of contradictions--Louis Menand calls him “a middle-class intellectual who despised the middle class and was contemptuous of intellectuals, a Socialist whose abuse of Socialists ... was as vicious as any Tory’s.”

Animal Farm is universally appealing for both the obvious and the subtle messages of the fable. While the allegory’s characters and events are deeply or specifically symbolic, Orwell’s narrator softens some of the punches by including a gentle and un-opinionated narrator. The third-person narrator is outside the animals’ world, so he does not relate any of the lies, hardships, or atrocities firsthand. Rather, he is a quiet observer.

Moreover, the narrator relates the tale from the perspective of the animals other than the dogs and pigs. In this way, the narrator’s approach to the story resembles Orwell’s approach to life. That is, just as Orwell developed empathy for the working class by experiencing working-class life firsthand, the narrator’s tale is based on the experience of someone who is not quite an insider but no longer just an outsider.

Rather than relating this event in stark terms, the narrator states impartially that on the day appointed for Boxer’s memorial banquet, a carton arrives at the farmhouse followed by loud singing and “the word went round that from somewhere or other the pigs had acquired the money to buy themselves another case of whisky” (126). The scene also exemplifies how the narrator’s naïve perspective produces an drily ironic effect.

Here are two other examples of ironic humor in the novel. In Chapter I, the narrator describes “Beasts of England” as “a stirring tune, something between ‘Clementine’ and ‘La Cucaracha’” (32). Anyone familiar with those two songs knows that they are childish ditties. In Chapter IX, the narrator reports that the pigs find “a large bottle of pink medicine” in the farmhouse’s medicine cabinet. They send it out to Boxer, who is deathly ill. We can assume that the medicine, being pink, is the antacid Pepto-Bismol, hardly useful to someone on his deathbed. By lightening his allegory with ironic humor, Orwell makes the story more palatable without taking away from his message.

Comments

  1. Cotaqep

    My first instinct when I see an animal is to say “hello.“ My first instinct when I see a person is to avid eye contact and hope they go away

  2. Mopuxoleqofi

    Urge These Shrine Chapters to Stop Hosting Cruel Animal Circuses! via

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