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Research paper about drug prevention

research paper about drug prevention Although there was some evidence that married addicts were less likely to relapse, presumably because of having a relationship, it was not shown to be determinative in predicting relapse.

Stress as a feature of addicts' relapse

Considering the high relapse rate it is important to identify if there are any particular causes that can be addressed.

  • Stress is a key aspect of addiction relapse.
  • Experts such as Dr. Sinha outlines that recent information is becoming known that neurological pathways are altered by the addiction. He notes that “Recent neurobiological evidence indicates an important role of brain stress pathway in addiction relapse" (Sinha, 393). Because of these alteration in neurobiological pathways, identifying the effect of these altered pathways is helpful in understanding the ultimate role of stress in relapse.

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  • The crisis due to opioid addiction (including opium, morphine, oxycontin, and heroin) affects the alarming rate of relapse as well.
  • Hopefully, with better understanding of the causes for relapse, treatment will be more successful and the relapse rate will drop.

    Impact of marriage on relapse and addiction

    There seemed to be no difference in relapse rates between men and women. However, marriage seemed to affect men and women slightly differently. Women were more sensitive to the negative effects of the damage of relapse on interpersonal relationships. Therefore they were less likely to relapse for fear of damage to their marriages or other interpersonal relationships. It was found that women were more likely to be married to heavily drinking men.

    Marlatt notes the low compliance rates with drugs like Anatabuse (Marlatt, 30). However, he notes that Antabuse was designed to reinforce the negative consequences of relapsing. Antabuse was not designed to reduce the altered brain stress pathways in the addicted person.

    Meditation as an alternative?

    An alternative to medication includes meditation as a way to avoid relapse and handle stress better. Marlatt discusses a study performed on addicted prisoners which showed lower relapse rates among addicted prisoners who underwent meditation training over the control group (Marlatt, 30). Further inquiry into the effect of meditation on the identified altered neuro-pathways would be beneficial in showing its efficacy.


    Addiction is prevalent in our country and continues to affect millions of people.

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    Drug use in the United States goes back over one-hundred years.

    Addressing this underlying stress with healthy responses over relapse is the goal of treatment of addiction.

    Therefore, inquiry into therapeutic modalities including cognitive-behavioral therapy as well as medication research, and alternative therapies is beneficial to relapse prevention. There is some good work in the field so far, but the problem remains. With diligence, viable and effective solutions for the addicted will be achieved.

    Works Cited

    Marlatt, G. Alan, and Dennis M. Donovan. "Relapse Prevention for Alcohol and Drug Problems." Relapse prevention: maintenance strategies in the treatment of addictive behaviors. 2nd ed. New York: Guilford Press, 2005. 1-44. Print.

    "More About Alcoholism." Alcoholics Anonymous.

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    Research paper about drug addiction pdf

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    The disease of addiction is prevalent and relapse-rate is high. Therefore, inquiry into the nature of addiction as a disease, and effective treatment methods of relapse prevention are worthy of continued scholarly work in the field.

    Facts about relapse

    • Sixty percent (60%) of drug addicts and alcoholics relapse.
    • Since 2002 illicit drug use has increased to affecting approximately 22.6 million Americans aged 12 or older accounting for 8.9% of the population.
      • Of these, 17.9 million Americans, or 7% of the population were dependent on alcohol in 2010 according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. While an estimated 9% of Americans needed treatment only 1%, 2.6 million, were receiving treatment (NIDA, 2012).
    The saying usually goes like this “family must have been robbed for drug money” or “that family was killed because they lived in a nice house, it must have been a drug dealer.” Sometimes we find out that the crime was not even drug related, it happened to one of our own in society. However, to blame a crime on drugs has always seemed to be the quick fix to make a case quick, easy, and closed.
    The relationship between drug abuse and crime is complex. Not all individuals who use drugs become addicted, nor do they commit violent crime. Social and economic concerns, such as crime, illness, premature death, and significant loss in productivity are all affected by alcohol and drug abuse. Drug abuse is implicated in at least three types of drug-related offenses: (1) offenses defined by drug possession or sales, (2) offenses directly related to drug abuse (e.g., stealing to get money for drugs), and (3) offenses related to a lifestyle that predisposes the drug abuser to engage in illegal activity, for example, through association with other offenders or with illicit markets. This is an altered pathway because the addict would have experience and near compulsion to relapse as it was their long practiced coping mechanism for stress.

    Impact of stress

    Stress and a lack of reasoning can justify a relapse to a recovering alcoholic. Although friends may reason with an alcoholic that taking that first drink is a pathway to destruction, this advice is disregarded in stressful situations.

    • An example is described in Chapter 3 of the Alcoholics Anonymous “Big Book”. It says, “Thus started one more journey to the asylum for Jim. Here the threat of [great loss, mental and physical pain] easily pushed aside in favor of the idea that he could take whiskey if only he mixed it with milk” (Alcoholics Anonymous, 35-36).


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