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How to write methodology in dissertation

Top 10 tips for writing a dissertation methodology.

Downfall Of The Textile Industry

The textile industry of Pakistan has been facing the worst crises for the last two years and suffering from serious problems including, high energy cost, shortage of electricity, high cost of borrowing, utility bills, poor off-take of products, decreasing quotas, high oil prices, high transportation costs, low quality raw material, high tax rates, less international market access, global economic slowdown, adverse travel advisories, restoration of payments against R & D and deterioration of local economy and border security situation has effected the industrial production adversely....

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The use of literature and case studies is considered and the merits of primary research are debated and advice is given on the use of existing research data. You may not be fond of statistics, but the potential relevance of a quantitative approach should be considered and similarly, the idea of qualitative analysis and conducting your own research may yield valuable data. The possibilities of using quantitative and qualitative data are also discussed.

Watch video on approaching methodologies (.wmv)

What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative?
This video clip contains comments from the following academics:

  • Dr Iain Garner - Psychology
  • Alan McGauley - Social Policy
  • Shawna McCoy - Criminology
  • Kevin Bonnett - Sociology

What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative?

How you choose this may depend on your preferences and abilities, and the suitability of particular approaches to your topic. You need to be able to justify why you have chosen to use such data. Quantitative data is particularly useful when you wish to discover how common particular forms of behaviour such as illegal drug use are for a particular age group. Qualitative data is particularly useful when you wish to find out why people engage in such behaviour.
Think about the Research Methods modules you have taken so far. Think about the different kinds of studies you have read for other modules. There is plenty of scope to use the approaches and methods that you are most comfortable with. You need to justify your approach and methods and to cite appropriate literature to help you do this.

What if I want to find out about social trends, or the measurable effects of particular policies?

  • The topic or issue you are interested in.
  • How you frame your research question.
  • Can I combine qualitative and quantitative methods?

    There are many ways in which qualitative and quantitative data and analysis can be combined. Here are two examples.

    • You may be interested in doing an analysis that is primarily quantitative, looking at social trends, or policy implications. However you also want to introduce a 'human touch' by conducting one or several interviews asking what these trends mean to people or how particular individuals experience events. After doing your quantitative analysis, you should include a chapter or section on the qualitative data you have collected. In your discussion of findings you can use the qualitative data to help you understand the patterns in the quantitative analysis.
    • You may be interested in doing an evaluative case study of a process or policy.


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